HomeBridge – NEOPixel Light

A few weeks back I made a RGB Light for my HomeBridge, now I wanted to see if I could make a NeoPixel Light. First, you must install HomeBridge on a Raspberry Pi, and configure it as a HomeKit bridge device.How to do that, you can read here. Then I need a NeoPixel LED Strip, so I found this one, a NeoPixel LED Strip .


The NeoPixel strip are LED that are digitally addressable LED’s. 12.5 mm wide (and 10 mm wide if you remove the plastic trunk from the strip – for indoor use). The LED’s use 9.5W per meter. This is when all LED’s are fully (white) lit. So a good power supply is required. for more information read the Adafruit NeoPixel Überguide here.


Installing the Plugin on your HomeBridge

When you have installed the HomeBridge you need to install the Homebridge-NeoPixel package in order to let the HomeBridge communicate with your ESP8266 over http.

sudo npm install -g homebridge-neopixel --unsafe-perm

Edit the HomeBridge /var/homebridge/config.json file on the Raspberry Pi HomeBridge. the file may alternatively be in /home/.homebridge or /root/home/./homebridge.

sudo nano ~/.homebridge/config.json

Add this code to the config.json file. Mind the last comma, you may or may not need it if you have other accessories, or Homebridge is crashing on load.ashing on load.

   "bridge": {
      "name": "Homebridge",
      "username": "CC:22:3D:E3:CE:30",
      "port": 51826,
      "pin": "031-45-154"

"description": "Example configuration file for Apple Homebridge - NeoPixel",

"platforms": [


"accessories": [
  {     "accessory": "HTTP-NEO",
        "name": "Neo Lamp",
        "switch": {
        "status": "",
        "powerOn": "",
        "powerOff": ""
        "color": {
        "status": "",
        "url": ""
        "brightness": {
        "status": "",
        "url": ""

The Hardware

Now we can make our setup so we can see if everything is working. In the fritting digram below you can see that now I have added a NeoPixel Strip plus a external power supply 5V 1A. We are keeping the RX and TX connected so we can see in the monitor from the Arduino IDE if everything is working as we want to.

The Code

The we can upload the program below to your ESP8266.

/* Project name: Apple Homebridge - NeoPixel
   Project URI:  https://www.studiopieters.nl/homebridge-neopixel-light/ ‎
   Description: Apple Homebridge - NeoPixel Light
   Version: 6.0.3
   License: GNU General Public License V2 or later  */

#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#include <Adafruit_NeoPixel.h>
#include <math.h>

// Which pin On which pin is the ESP8266-12E connected to the NeoPixels
#define PIN 13

// How many NeoPixels are attached to the ESP8266-12E
#define NUMPIXELS      144

// Parameter 1 = number of pixels in strip
// Parameter 2 = pin number (most are valid)
// Parameter 3 = pixel type flags, add together as needed:
//   NEO_KHZ800  800 KHz bitstream (most NeoPixel products w/WS2812 LEDs)
//   NEO_KHZ400  400 KHz (classic 'v1' (not v2) FLORA pixels, WS2811 drivers)
//   NEO_GRB     Pixels are wired for GRB bitstream (most NeoPixel products)
//   NEO_RGB     Pixels are wired for RGB bitstream (v1 FLORA pixels, not v2)
Adafruit_NeoPixel strip = Adafruit_NeoPixel(NUMPIXELS, PIN, NEO_GRB + NEO_KHZ800);


WiFiServer server(80); //Set server port

String readString;           //String to hold incoming request
String hexString = "000000"; //Define inititial color here (hex value)

int state;

int r;
int g;
int b;

float R;
float G;
float B;

int x;
int V;

///// WiFi SETTINGS - Replace with your values /////////////////
const char* ssid = "YOUR_ROUTER_SSID";
const char* password = "YOUR_ROUTER_PASSWORD";
IPAddress ip(192, 168, 1, 10);   // set a fixed IP for the NodeMCU
IPAddress gateway(192, 168, 1, 1); // Your router IP
IPAddress subnet(255, 255, 255, 0); // Subnet mask

void WiFiStart() {
  Serial.print("Connecting to ");
  WiFi.begin(ssid, password);
  WiFi.config(ip, gateway, subnet);
  while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
  Serial.print("IP address: ");


void allOff() {
  state = 0;
  for (int i = 0; i < NUMPIXELS; i++)
    strip.setPixelColor(i, 0, 0, 0);

//Write requested hex-color to the pins
void setHex() {
  state = 1;
  long number = (long) strtol( &hexString[0], NULL, 16);
  r = number >> 16;
  g = number >> 8 & 0xFF;
  b = number & 0xFF;

  for (int i = 0; i < NUMPIXELS; i++)
    strip.setPixelColor (i, r, g, b);

//Compute current brightness value
void getV() {
  R = roundf(r / 2.55);
  G = roundf(g / 2.55);
  B = roundf(b / 2.55);
  x = _max(R, G);
  V = _max(x, B);

//For serial debugging only
void showValues() {
  Serial.print("Status on/off: ");
  Serial.print("RGB color: ");
  Serial.print("Hex color: ");
  Serial.print("Brightness: ");

void setup() {
  setHex(); //Set initial color after booting. Value defined above
  showValues(); //Uncomment for serial output

  strip.show(); // Initialize all pixels to 'off'
  state = 0;

void loop() {
  //Reconnect on lost WiFi connection
  if (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {

  WiFiClient client = server.available();

  if (!client) {

  while (client.connected() && !client.available()) {

  //Respond on certain Homebridge HTTP requests
  if (client) {
    while (client.connected()) {
      if (client.available()) {
        char c = client.read();
        if (readString.length() < 100) {
          readString += c;
        if (c == '\n') {
          Serial.print("Request: "); //Uncomment for serial output
          Serial.println(readString); //Uncomment for serial output

          //Send reponse
          client.println("HTTP/1.1 200 OK");
          client.println("Content-Type: text/html");

          if (readString.indexOf("on") > 0) {

          if (readString.indexOf("off") > 0) {

          //Set color
          if (readString.indexOf("set") > 0) {
            hexString = "";
            hexString = (readString.substring(9, 15));

          //Status on/off
          if (readString.indexOf("status") > 0) {

          //Status color (hex)
          if (readString.indexOf("color") > 0) {

          //Status brightness (%)
          if (readString.indexOf("bright") > 0) {

          readString = "";

Update: if you use Homebridge version 2, It is possible that you will get a ECONNRESET-bug. But the good nes is we have a possible fix:

The error can be resolved by inserting:

while (client.read() >= 0);

right before:

As the previous code just cuts the communication (thats where the ECONNRESET comes from) without reading the remaining buffer, homebridge sees unsent packages and a broken channel. This is solvable by simply emptying the buffer and close it afterwards (as there is no other useful information in the communication).


Now we have to connect our iPhone to the home bridge and add the new accesoires.

Yes! It works!



Download all Files for this project on github.

Do you have any questions? Leave a comment down here.





Nick Farina (Nov 14 2017), Homebridge, Homebridge is a lightweight NodeJS server you can run on your home network that emulates the iOS HomeKit API., https://github.com/nfarina/homebridge Achim Pieters (Feb 7 2017), homebridge-neopixel, Supports NeoPixel http(s) devices on the HomeBridge Platform, https://github.com/AchimPieters/HomeBridge-NeoPixel AdaFruit (Aug 30 2013), NeoPixel Überguide, Everything you always wanted to know about Adafruit NeoPixels but were afraid to ask, https://learn.adafruit.com/adafruit-neopixel-uberguide/the-magic-of-neopixels


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